Emergency Service Number – 112
1. Do I have to carry an ID Card on me/with me? Is there an obligation to carry a form of ID with me? If I don’t, what are the consequences?
Italian law states that every person must have an ID/passport with them, not only at the stadium but also if you’re walking on the streets. If you don’t have an ID, police can take you to the police station to get a photo and your fingerprints for identification.
If you haven’t got an ID/passport at the stadium, stewards cannot check if the ticket belongs to the ID/passport owner, because in Italy to purchase a ticket, besides thousands of other restrictions, you need to show the original of an ID/passport, and the ticket must have your name printed on it.
2. Is the usage or possession of pyrotechnics legal inside and/or outside the stadia?
It’s illegal. The use of pyro is a crime: from 6 months to 3 years of prison, a fine from €1,000 to €5,000, plus a ban from 2 to 10 years requiring presentation at the police station during the match of your team (if you’re Italian and only a stadium ban if you’re from abroad).
3. What happens in case I’m arrested? For how long can you be held at the police station/in prison at maximum?
If you are arrested, Police must advise the prosecutor immediately. The prosecutor then has 48 hours to ask the judge to validate the arrest. The judge has 48 hours more to do so. At that point, it is the judge that decides on your freedom, rather than the Police. Usually, if the crime is not so serious, they bring you in front of the judge the very next day and if you’re accused of a low-level crime, you can be freed on that day.
4. Which personal details or information am I obliged to give?
When you’re arrested, the best thing to do is to keep silent unless there’s a lawyer with you. You only have to give them your ID/passport. It is possible that some policemen don’t behave in a correct manner. Try to keep calm and don’t answer. Always be polite.
If they are not polite with you, just stop and let the time pass. Read carefully what they want you to sign: you have the right for any documentation to be presented in your language.
5. Am I allowed to make a call? Am I allowed to contact a lawyer immediately?
You have the right to inform someone you want and to appoint a lawyer, otherwise they will give you a lawyer appointed by the Court. Usually, the Police will call the person you nominate to tell them.
6. If I don´t have a lawyer in the country, will I be provided with one?
Yes. But, as usual, it’s better to have a trusted lawyer. If you have the do not have the means to pay (family incomes under €11,500 per year), you can be assisted for free.
7. What different kind of police units exist? What are their areas of responsibility? Is there any special football police unit?
In Italy we have the Police, Carabinieri and Guardia di Finanza. The Police rule the public order, with the help of Carabinieri and Guardia di Finanza. In terms of special units, we only have Digos Squadra Tifoserie (Digos Football Squad), but they’re not involved in public order operations. They’re a specialised unit with an investigation role.
8. What about the consumption of alcohol inside stadia or in public? If it is not allowed and you’re caught drinking, what can happen?
In Italy, you can drink beer inside the stadium (light beer, usually, 4-5 percent) in a plastic glass, even though during international matches there is an order to sell only non-alcoholic beer. You can also drink in public, but sometimes the Police can forbid the shops from selling alcohol the day before and the day of the match. In the stadium, they sell a coffee liquors, too, if no limitations are in place. It’s unusual to see someone drunk in the stadium. If you see someone drunk it is probably because they were drinking outside the stadium. If you’re caught drunk you can be ejected, but only if you do something wrong. In public you can be fined or also arrested if you’re drunk and you disturb someone.
9. Who issues stadium banning orders in Italy and on the basis of which (legal or regulatory) framework are they issued and by whom?
Stadium banning orders in Italy are issued by Police. Only if a ban has the presentation order (this means that you must go to a police station when your team plays) must it be checked regularly by a judge.
You can can be banned not only if you commit a crime in the stadium (like using violence, throwing objects, using fireworks, bringing weapons etc.), but also if you engage in behaviour that is considered dangerous for public order.
You can be banned in Italy for ridiculous reasons, even for unveiling a banner claiming that someone is innocent. You can only appeal against a banning order via the Regional Court, which is very expensive, and the Police know it.
For more than a year now, it has been possible to be banned from stadia even if you commit a crime not related to football (i.e. drugs/robbery/violence).
10. Anything else?
If you see any trouble, stay away from the Police and get to a safe place, where you should remain until it’s all over.
Everything is monitored by CCTV.
11. Emergency Phone Numbers
(incl intl. dialcode):
POLICE: +39 112
AMBULANCE: +39 118